How to Make Mead at Home

If you’ve been wondering how to make mead at home or are just interested in improving your DIY mead homebrew, you’ve come to the right place. One of the oldest spirits that have been documented throughout history, making mead is a relatively simple process that any legal adult can partake in. 

Interested in learning more? Read on to improve (or start) your DIY mead homebrew. 

Gather Supplies and Ingredients 

For a one-gallon DIY mead homebrew, you will want a gallon carboy, fermentation bucket, hydrometer, and an auto-siphon with tubing and clamp. If you want to play it safe, there are complete mead homebrew kits you can purchase online, such as this one

Once you’ve gathered your supplies, it’s time to get the ingredients! A basic mead recipe calls for 

Step-by-Step Guide to DIY Mead Homebrew 

Now that you’ve got the ingredients gathered and equipment rounded up, let’s talk about how to make mead at home. 

1. Sanitize

Anything your equipment comes into contact with will need to be disinfected. You can do this with bleach or by simply boiling your equipment. 

2. Make the must

Heat (don’t boil) 2/3 gallon of water, and then stir in the honey. Once this is done, add your nutrients (fruits, raisins, bee pollen, etc.). You can also add spices here to make your recipe more customized. Just make sure you stir well after each step. 

Let this mixture cool for approximately 10 minutes. 

3. Pour into the jug 

After your must has cooled, use the funnel to pour it into the one-gallon jug. Next, incorporate the remaining cool water and use an airlock to place the bung. Let this sit at room temperature until the bottle is no longer warm to the touch, and then add your yeast. 

4. The waiting game 

After about two days of fermenting, you should start seeing bubbles. This means it’s time to place your DIY mead homebrew into a dark area of your home. Check the mead every two to three days to ensure it is still bubbling for the first month, at which point the fermentation process will slow down. Once the mead is clear and you see the lees at the bottom of your jug, you can give it a taste test. Just be cautious! At this point, your mead is ready to go. Unless…

5. Too bitter?

If your mead is too bitter, don’t freak out! Simply sterilize your equipment and make a simple syrup. Pour it into a new gallon jug and funnel the mead into it, swirling once it is incorporated. Place your sanitized airlock, let it sit for a few weeks, and then give it another taste. 

You can bottle the mead once you no longer see bubbles. 

How to Make Beer at Home

Once a potential beer maker has obtained DIY home brew equipment, they have already taken their first and most crucial step toward making beer at home. Knowing how to make beer may seem like a task beyond most people’s comprehension, but, in reality, it only takes simple ingredients when it is time to get started.

Four key ingredients are needed to make beer at home, and they are all readily available. Water, yeast, malt and hops are all that is required. As the beer maker familiarizes themselves with all of the ingredients, they can develop their own variations on the classic recipes. Knowing how to use adjuncts and fining agents is of utmost importance.

That’s why it is pivotal for would-be-at-home beer makers to read on to learn more about the primary ingredients, as well as adjuncts and fining agents. This guide is here to help!

Malt/Malt Extract

When it comes to fermentable sugar in beer, malt is the primary source. Before brewing grade barley is sold to beer makers, malt manufacturers handle an intensive germination and kilning process. Malt is merely barley that has had the chance to sprout and dry. The manner in which roasting time, temperature, pH, concentration, sugar, and nitrogenous compounds are handled makes a world of difference in each malt’s flavor chemicals.

Base malts are used in most instances, while specialty malts are offered to those looking to craft different flavors. Character and depth are added when these types of malts are utilized. Meanwhile, malt extract is available, letting a brewer skip the mashing process and start boiling. Pale, white or amber extract is chosen based on the flavor profile that the home brewer is looking to enjoy.


Hops are responsible for the flavor and aroma of the beer in question. Once the essential oils have been broken down in boiling wort, this is what gives beers their signature flavor, aroma and bitterness. Other brewers may decide to use the dry-hopping technique, which is when the hops are added post-fermentation for added flavor and aroma.

Bacteria and Yeast

Fermentation nuances usually come down to the type of brewer’s yeast that is used. Brewer’s yeast produces a wide range of other compounds, including esters, fusel alcohols, ketones, and various phenols and fatty acids, all of which profoundly affect the character of a beer. Wild bacteria and yeast are very hit or miss, so be careful. The flavors that are produced may be outweighed by the amount of effort and risk that are required. Cross-contamination should also be avoided as much as possible.


Of course, water is the most obvious ingredient of all. pH, hardness, alkalinity, and residual alkalinity are the main factors that need to be considered when starting a home brewing project. Hard water needs to be avoided because it makes it very hard for the brewer to successfully raise a lather.


If the home brewer needs a source of fermentable sugars, adjuncts are the way to go. They serve as a much cheaper alternative to malted grains and produce a much lighter beer that is less malty. Adjuncts can also be chosen in a manner that gives the final product its own unique character.

Fining Agents

These compounds are added as a means of improving clarity. The agents attach themselves to various contaminants, allowing them to settle at the bottom of the beverage. They are added in the fermenter or at the end of the boil, depending on the agents that are chosen.

Homebrew Equipment Essentials

If you are a beer enthusiast, brewing beer at home can be an exciting hobby. This is because you will enjoy a beer made through your ingenuity, and you can experiment with various beer ideas. If you are looking to start brewing beer at home, there are essentials that you must have. These are:  


This is a container where you can store the wort and let it ferment into beer. There are numerous fermenters available in the market today, each with its unique strengths and weaknesses. Make sure that you choose a fermenter that suits your homebrew desires.

Airlock and Bung

An airlock does what its name suggests. It’s lodged in an opening on top of the fermenter, and it works to let the carbon dioxide produced during the fermentation out and prevent contaminants from getting in. In most fermenters, a bung is used to secure the airlock in place. If you don’t install an airlock in your fermenter, pressure can build up inside, resulting in the lid popping off. In the worst case, the pressure can cause the fermenter to explode.

Brew Kettle/Pot

A brew kettle is essential homebrew equipment as it’s what lets you boil the fermented wort and extract the brew. To avoid boilover, you need to pick a brew pot that’s a little larger than the quantity of your expected fermented wort. A 6 to 20 liter (1.5 to 5 gallon) brew kettle is sufficient for most home uses. Going for a larger brew kettle is the right move if you plan to scale up your home brewing operations.

Siphon and Tubing

A siphon and tubing are excellent ways to move hot wort or finished beer around. This will save you the hard work of lifting and pouring large quantities of hot wort or finished beer and the difficulty of cleaning the spilling mess that comes with it. If you are willing to invest a little more in your home brewing operation, you can pick up an auto-siphon. This homebrew equipment pumps liquid from one container to another using vacuum pressure. This means that it doesn’t introduce contaminants or oxygen into the beer.


A hydrometer is a piece of equipment that measures gravity or sugar density in your wort or beer. Although you can homebrew your beer without a hygrometer, this equipment allows you to have precision in monitoring fermentation. As a result, you will have more control over the alcohol content of your beer.

Cleaner and Sanitizer

After every home brewing cycle, you must diligently clean all the homebrew equipment. It’s advisable to use an unscented cleaner. A sanitizer is used to clean all microorganisms from the equipment. It’s best that you use a no-rinse sanitizer.

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Proper Beer Serving Temperatures and Their Effects

There is nothing like a cold beer on a hot summer’s day. However, a hot beer does not pull the same punch.

The serving temperature of beer can have a significant impact on its flavor and overall enjoyment. Beers that are too cold can taste bland and unappetizing, while those that are too warm can become overly sweet and syrupy. Let’s find out more about beer temperatures and production.

Ideal Temperature

The ideal serving temperature for most beers is between 45 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit. This range allows the beer to retain its carbonation and prevents it from becoming too sweet. Beers that are served too cold will often taste watered-down, while those that are served too warm can become cloying and heavy.

Ales vs. Lagers

The two main types of beer, ales and lagers, are brewed at different temperatures and have different ideal serving temperatures.

Ales are typically brewed at warmer temperatures, around 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, while lagers are brewed at cooler temperatures, around 45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit. As a result, ales are typically served slightly warmer than lagers.

Pouring Temperature

The temperature of the beer can also impact the way it is poured. Beers that are too cold will often foam excessively when poured, while those that are too warm will not foam as much.

The ideal pouring temperature for most beers is between 45 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Storage Temperature

In addition to serving temperature, the storage temperature of beer can also impact its flavor. Beers that are stored at too high of a temperature can become oxidized, while those that are stored at too low of a temperature can become skunked.

The ideal storage temperature for most beers is between 45 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit.

Brewery Equipment

The type of brewery equipment you use can have a significant impact on the quality of your beer. For example, using stainless steel brewing kettles will help to prevent your beer from becoming oxidized, while using copper brewing kettles can give your beer a more distinct flavor.

It is important to choose the right type of brewery equipment for your beer, to ensure that it tastes its best.

When it comes to brewery equipment installation, it is important to choose a reputable and experienced company like American Refrigeration Inc. Bad installation may result in poor quality beer or even equipment failures.

Final Thoughts About Beer Temperature and Equipment

When it comes to brewing beer, there are a few things you need to keep in mind to ensure that your beer turns out tasting its best. Paying attention to serving temperature, pouring temperature and storage temperature can all help to improve the flavor of your beer. In addition, using the right type of brewery equipment is also important. By following these tips, you can ensure that your beer tastes great every time.

What You Need to Know About Wort Chillers

A wort chiller is an essential element of brewing beer. It allows the brew to cool quickly after boiling to prevent the onslaught of bacteria. If this is not done, beer either becomes contaminated or fails to ferment properly. However, you have to be careful to use wort chillers in Eugene, OR correctly, or you may compromise the quality of your beer. Here are four tips on using wort chillers:

American Refrigeration Inc. offers essential equipment and services for the brewery industry. Contact us today to learn about your refrigeration options after you successfully use your wort chiller in Eugene, OR.