What You Need to Know About R-22 and R-410A Refrigerants

What You Need to Know About R-22 and R-410A Refrigerants

If you’re a homeowner in Eugene, OR and you’re thinking about upgrading your cooling system, it’s important to know the comparison between the refrigerants R-22 vs R-410A. Read on to learn about these two very different types of refrigerants so you can choose the best option for your home.

What are the characteristics of R-22 refrigerants?

You might know R-22 refrigerants by their common name: Freon®. This refrigerant was standard until 2010, when it was discontinued because it contains hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC), which contribute to ozone depletion. In other words, R-22 use is harmful to the environment. If you have an older air conditioning system, you’re probably using an R-22 refrigerant when you cool your home. If your system is in need of repair, check to see which refrigerant you use. Keep in mind that, since R-22 is discontinued, it can be a challenge finding supplies if your system needs a recharge.

What are the characteristics of R-410A refrigerants?

The new type of refrigerant, R-410A, is often referred to by its name brand, Puron®. The best benefit of this refrigerant is that it’s a hydrofluorocarbon (HCF) that doesn’t have a negative impact on the planet’s ozone layer. It is now standard for residential air conditioners in the U.S. Always double check and make sure that your new system runs on R-410A before you make a purchase.

How do these two refrigerants differ in terms of performance?

Not only does the use of R-410A in your air conditioning system reduce your environmental impact, it also helps it work better. R-410A absorbs and releases heat more efficiently than R-22. Your compressor runs much cooler, reducing the risk of overheating. The two systems also differ in terms of their lubrication needs. R-22 systems use mineral oil, whereas R-410A models use synthetic oil. It’s more soluble and makes the entire system run much more efficiently. In short, when you compare R-22 vs. R-410-A, there are clear benefits to choosing the latter option to cool your home in Eugene, OR.

What should you know about dry charging?

When you’re shopping for a new cooling unit, you might come across what’s known as a “dry charge” unit. Although you’re unable to purchase a new cooling system with R-22 refrigerant installed, you can buy a factory-made unit that doesn’t have any refrigerant in it at all. Once the unit’s installed at your property, you call a technician to come install the R-22 refrigerant. Think carefully before purchasing a dry charge cooling unit for your property. The supply of R-22 is limited due to the 2010 phaseout, and prices will continue to go up. In addition, this type of cooling unit isn’t nearly as efficient as one that runs on R-410A refrigerant. Be sure to weigh the costs and the benefits before purchasing these dry charge units.

If you’re not a heating and cooling expert, telling the difference between R-22 vs. R-410-A can be very confusing. Homeowners in Eugene, OR should get a professional opinion before purchasing a cooling system. Contact American Refrigeration Inc. to discover the best option for your home.